A Robust Opportunistic Relaying Strategy for Cooperative Wireless Communications

Jiang, Wei, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Kaiser, Thomas, Prof. Dr. ir. Vinck, Han A. J.

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Using outdated channel state information (CSI) in an opportunistic relaying system (ORS) leads to wrong selection of the best relay, which substantially deteriorates its performance. In this article, therefore, we propose a robust cooperative scheme coined opportunistic space-time coding (OSTC) to deal with the outdated CSI. A predefined number (i.e., N) of relays, instead of a single relay in ORS, are opportunistically selected from K cooperating relays. At the selected relays, N-dimensional orthogonal space-time coding is employed to encode the regenerated signals in a distributed manner. Then, N branches coded signals are simultaneously transmitted from the relays to the destination, followed by a simple maximum-likelihood decoding at the receiver. To evaluate its performance, the closedform expressions of outage probability and ergodic capacity are derived, together with an asymptotic analysis that clarifies the achievable diversity. Analytical and numerical results reveal that a full diversity of K is reaped by the proposed scheme when the knowledge of CSI is perfect. In the presence of outdated CSI, where the diversity of ORS degrades to one, the diversity of N can be kept. Moreover, OSTC’s capacity is remarkably higher than that of the existing schemes based on orthogonal transmission. From the perspective of multiplexing-diversity trade-off, the proposed scheme is the best cooperative solution until now. Index Terms—Alamouti, cooperative diversity, decode-andforward, generalized selection combining, opportunistic relaying, outdated channel state information (CSI), space-time coding.
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Fakultät / Institut:
Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften » Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik
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600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften » 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
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© 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
This is the author's version of an article that has been published in the journal IEEE Transactions on wireless communications. Changes were made to this version by the publisher prior to publication. The final version of record is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TWC.2015.2506574