Techniksteuerung durch Normung am Beispiel der Ergonomie von Speditionssoftware: Ergonomienorm oder Ergononienorm?
The purpose of this study was to identify the impact of the software ergonomics standard ISO 9241-110:2006 (Ergonomics of human-system interaction: Dialogue principles). This standard was a result of norm giving activities in the 1980s and 1990s in a neo-corporatistic arrangement and aimed to protect VDU (Visual Display Unit) workers from harmful consequences of non-user-friendly software. Another intention of this study was to find out to which extend technology can be shaped in the field of application software for forwarders by the concerned actors. Finally, the pressure to change caused by the new technology “software” on the established institutions and social structures was examined. Both qualitative and quantitative research methodology was utilised in this study. The qualitative research data consisted of two case studies based on in-depth interviews with forwarders and their computer administrators and of one in-depth interview with a representative of the “Technologieberatungsstelle”, an organisation of the Federation of German Trade Unions consulting companies in technical affairs. The quantitative research data was gathered with the aid of a questionnaire. Employees in 15 forwarding agencies were surveyed and asked to rate the user-friendliness of the software they used. The results of the questionnaire revealed that the used application software in only 4 of 15 forwarding agencies complied with the ISO 9241-110:2006. The case studies and the in-depth interview with the representative of the “Technologieberatungsstelle” showed that employers, employees and trade unions had hardly any opportunities to shape software technology, although the ISO 9241-110:2006 had become part of the German body of laws. Finally it was found out that the pressure to change on the established institutions and social structures was low. The author recommends adjusting the governance mode of software ergonomics. It is recommended that software programmes according to the norm ISO 9241-110:2006 should become more visible through certification and get tax benefits. Thereby market mechanisms would be strengthened, and the capabilities of employers and employees to shape the technology socially compatible would be enhanced.
Wissenschaftliche Abschlussarbeiten » Dissertation
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Fakultät für Gesellschaftswissenschaften
ISO 9241-100:2006, software ergonomics, user-friendly software, governance of technology, social shaping of technology, Techniksteuerung, Normung, Softwareergonomie, sozialverträgliche Technikgestaltung
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