Döhrn, Roland; Heilemann, Ullrich; Schafer, Gunter:

Ein danisches 'Beschaftigungswunder'?

In: Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Jg. 31 (1998), S. 312-323
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Denmark is one of the European countries which has been able to reduce unemployment drastically in recent years. As shown in this report, the reduction of unemployment goes back to several policies acting in combination: a fiscal policy which first (in 1994) gave an expansionary impulse of a total of 1.2% of the GDP and reformed the tax and social security systems; a labour market policy which increased the pressure on people to take up employment, used existing instruments (early retirement regulations) to a greater extent and developed new ones (sabbatical models), thus reducing the labour force potential by some 100,000 at short notice; and finally, a wages policy which pursued a moderate course in spite of strong economic expansion and arranged wage determination more flexibly.