Dömges, Rale; Pohl, Klaus:

Adapting Traceability Environments to Project-Specific Needs

In: Communications of the ACM (Commun ACM), Jg. 41 (1998) ; Nr. 12, S. 54-62
ISSN: 00010782
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Abstract:
This article focuses on adapting traceability environments to project-specific needs. Requirements traceability is defined as the ability to describe and follow the life of a requirement, in both a forward and backward direction. While present traceability environments do offer some flexibility in the definition of trace data types, they do not lend themselves easily to a situated approach to defining trace capture and usage strategies. To empower the project-specific definition of data types, a traceability environment must provide capabilities to define new data types and to adjust predefined types according to project-specific needs. Moreover, it should systematically support the project manager in considering recorded experiences and the actual needs. Establishing project-specific traceability definitions does not guarantee that traces are correctly captured and used. To ensure definition-conform trace recording and usage, definitions must be communicated to stakeholders performing the process and must be applied in the corresponding situations throughout the project. INSET: Examples of Project-Specific Trace Capture and Usage.; This article focuses on adapting traceability environments to project-specific needs. Requirements traceability is defined as the ability to describe and follow the life of a requirement, in both a forward and backward direction. While present traceability environments do offer some flexibility in the definition of trace data types, they do not lend themselves easily to a situated approach to defining trace capture and usage strategies. To empower the project-specific definition of data types, a traceability environment must provide capabilities to define new data types and to adjust predefined types according to project-specific needs. Moreover, it should systematically support the project manager in considering recorded experiences and the actual needs. Establishing project-specific traceability definitions does not guarantee that traces are correctly captured and used. To ensure definition-conform trace recording and usage, definitions must be communicated to stakeholders performing the process and must be applied in the corresponding situations throughout the project. INSET: Examples of Project-Specific Trace Capture and Usage.

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