Establishing Visions in Context – Towards a Model of Requirements Processes.
In: Proceedings of the 14th Intl. Conference on Information Systems. / DeGross, J.i.; Ostrom, R.p.; Robey, D. (Hrsg.)
Orlando, Florida, USA (1993), S. 23-34
Buchaufsatz / Kapitel / Fach: Wirtschaftswissenschaften
A model of requirements determination as the process of establishing visions in context explains how both new ideas and existing habits influence diversity in a family of information systems applications. Visions are operationalized as nonfunctional requirements which are broken down according to constraints imposed by context, and traded off against other non-functional requirements. Context is organized according to four "worlds", taking into account the need for considering application domain (subject world), organizational context (usage world), existing systems (system world), and the development environment itself (development world). Process is modeled as driven by context-dependent decisions which, together with external factors, cause moves within a three-dimensional space of cognitive understanding, social agreement, and technical representation. The framework leads to a formally based and computer-supported requirements engineering environment which is currently developed and practically evaluated by ESPRIT project NATURE.