Pfeiffer, Vanessa; Scheiter, Katharina; Kühl, Tim; Gemballa, Sven:

Learning How to Identify Species in a Situated Learning Scenario: Using Dynamic-Static Visualizations to Prepare Students for Their Visit to The Aquarium

In: Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, Jg. 7 (2011) ; Nr. 2, S. 135-147
ISSN: 1305-8223, 1305-8215
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Biologie
Fakultät für Biologie » Didaktik der Biologie
Abstract:
This study investigated whether studying dynamic-static visualizations prepared first-year
Biology students better for an out-of-classroom experience in an aquarium than learning
how to identify species with more traditional instructional materials. During an initial
classroom phase, learners either watched underwater videos of 15 freshwater fish species
(video-group, n=46) or they were asked to identify preserved specimens of the same fish
with the help of a dichotomous identification key (key-group, n=43). Subsequently, all
students were asked to identify the taught species during their visit to the aquarium. Our
results indicate that the video-group was able to identify more species correctly than the
key-group directly after the classroom instruction, whereas both groups performed equally
well after the aquarium visit.