Kluge, Annette; Ritzmann, Sandrina; Burkolter, Dina; Sauer, Jürgen:

The Interaction of drill and practice and error training with individual differences

In: Cognition, Technology & Work, Jg. 13 (2011) ; Nr. 2, S. 103-120
ISSN: 1435-5558
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Psychologie
Abstract:
This article examines the question of whether
the effectiveness of training methods in vocational training
settings is modified by trainee characteristics. General
mental abilities, cognitive style and conscientiousness were
measured as person variables that were expected to influence
the effectiveness of training methods. Being trained
on a simulated process control environment as an example
for a complex technological task for 5 h, N = 38 participants
received either drill & practice (D&P) or error
training (ET) as two distinct training methods. A 70-minute
transfer test followed 9 weeks later, in which the trainees
had to manage familiar (near transfer) as well as unfamiliar
fault states (far transfer). The results showed that highability
trainees benefited more from D&P than from ET,
whereas low-ability trainees benefited equally well from
either training method. Furthermore, participants with a
highly flexible cognitive style benefited more from D&P
rather than ET. Also participants low in conscientiousness
profited more from D&P. The findings are indicative of the
tentative benefits of using learner-tailored training methods,
suggesting that this person-centered approach is worthy
of further exploration.