Kluge, Annette; Burkolter, Dina:

Training for Cognitive Readiness: Research Issues and Experimental Designs

In: Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, (2012), S. 32 pages
ISSN: 1555-3434
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Psychologie
Abstract:
In the present article, we aim to provide guidelines on how to conduct
research for the enhancement of training for cognitive readiness (CR). After
distinguishing between trainable CR skills and stable person-related variables, CR
components that are trainable need to be defined in terms of knowledge, skills, and
attitudes, and person-related variables need to be selected as prerequisites for training
success, as they define the composite construct of CR. Training success in turn needs
to include indicators of successful performance in unpredictable environments after
training of CR that operationalizes temporal and adaptive transfer. We suggest a basic
module for training-of-CR research, which includes a pretest measuring the baseline
of the participants’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes; person-related variables as control
variables; predictors and moderators of CR training success; and two posttests for the
assessment of training performance directly after training and following a retention
interval for both temporal and adaptive transfer. For further research, we suggest
extending the basic module with research on spacing of practice, performance
under stress, and individual differences in cognition and personality. This research
will enhance the understanding of the interplay between person- and trainingrelated
variables that best predicts the prerequisites for establishing and sustaining
competent performance in complex and stressful environments.