Influence of inter-vehicle communication on peak hour traffic flow

In: Physica A: Statistical mechanics and its applications, Jg. 391 (2012) ; Nr. 6, S. 2225-2231
ISSN: 0378-4371
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Physik
Fakultät für Physik » Theoretische Physik
Mixed traffic flow consisting of vehicles equipped with wireless inter-vehicle communication devices and non-equipped vehicles is analyzed using bidirectionally coupled network traffic and road traffic simulators in a peak hour scenario. For equipped vehicles a strategy to stabilize traffic flow and to reduce travel time is proposed. The strategy comprises rules to determine both how and when to change driving behavior. Vehicles that detect perturbations downstream try to keep a larger gap to their predecessor by which they aim to compensate traffic inhomogeneities. Improvement of traffic flow was observed even for a ratio of equipped vehicles as low as five percent.