Siders, Craig W.; Cavalleri, Andrea; Sokolowski-Tinten, Klaus; Toth, Csabe; Guo, Ting; Kammler, Martin; Horn-von Hoegen, Michael; Wilson, Kent R.; von der Linde, Dietrich; Barty, Christopher P.P.:

Detection of nonthermal melting by ultrafast X-ray diffraction

In: Science, Jg. 286 (1999) ; Nr. 5443, S. 1340-1342
ISSN: 0036-8075, 1095-9203
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Physik
Fakultät für Physik » Experimentalphysik
Using ultrafast, time-resolved, 1.54 angstrom x-ray diffraction, thermal and ultrafast nonthermal melting of germanium, involving passage through nonequilibrium extreme states of matter, was observed. Such ultrafast, optical-pump, x-ray diffraction probe measurements provide a way to study many other transient processes in physics, chemistry, and biology, including direct observation of the atomic motion by which many solid-state processes and chemical and biochemical reactions take place.