Towards a Generic Vehicle Model

In: Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics, Jg. Vol. 7 (2012) ; Nr. 2, S. 021013 (10 pages)
ISSN: 1555-1423, 1555-1415
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Maschinenbau
Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften » Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik
Abstract:
Real-time control often requires process models that can be solved adequately fast on prescribed control hardware. One class of applications is model predictive control, which can be considered as one of the most powerful control techniques. However, for real-time control of systems with fast dynamics such as vehicles, appropriate models are necessary. Thus, on the one hand, the design process requires models of adequate complexity to cover all relevant effects, and, on the other hand, real-time control requires models with a limited number of computations. In this contribution, an approach for a generation of generic models of the dynamic of technical systems is presented. In this context generic is twofold. First, the model is dimensionless. In particular, the model is robust with respect to variations of the dimensionless parameters and can be easily projected onto a large variety of geometries. Second, equation-based reduction techniques are used to limit the number of necessary operations for a simulation. Hence, the models can be reduced for given controller hardware. As an application example, a standard vehicle model with nonlinear tire characteristics is used. Here the equation-based reduction techniques lead to a reduction of the required computations by a factor of five. In this case the maximum error compared to the reference model is smaller than 5%.