Avoidance behaviour and major depression in panic disorder: A report from the cross-national collaborative panic study.
Investigated whether avoidance behavior and secondary major depression are indicators of the severity of panic disorder or of separate psychiatric disorders. Using data from the Cross-National Collaborative Panic Study, which included 1,168 psychiatric patients from 14 countries, it was found that avoidance behavior in particular is an indicator of the severity of panic disorder. Secondary major depression is less clearly associated with more severe panic disorder. It is pointed out that these results are compatible with diagnostic distinctions in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III).
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