Roth, Marcus; von Collani, Gernot:

A head-to-head comparison of Big-Five types and traits in the prediction of social attitudes. Further evidence for a five-cluster typology.

In: Journal of Individual Differences, Jg. 28 (2007) ; Nr. 3, S. 138-149
ISSN: 1614-0001
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Psychologie
Fakultät für Bildungswissenschaften » Institut für Psychologie
Based on recent findings that show evidence in favor of 5 rather than 3 prototypes in Big Five questionnaire data, the main aim of the present study was to evaluate a 5-cluster solution. The cluster solution is compared with a Big Five variable-centered approach regarding their relative utility in the concurrent prediction of social attitudes in an adult, nonstudent sample (N = 238). In addition to the Big Five personality variables, the authors also assessed social attitudes (generalized prejudice, right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation) and resiliency. Performing head-to-head comparisons to evaluate the goodness of cluster solutions, the study again provides strong evidence that the 5-cluster solution is superior to the 3-cluster solution. The results also suggest that in fair comparisons (e.g., dichotomized Big Five scores) the typological approach can compete with the dimensional approach in predicting criterion variables. Furthermore, it is shown that the typological approach based on Big Five personality variables can lead to reasonable predictions and new insights with respect to social attitudes and ideological belief systems.