Boenigk, Jens; Stadler, Peter; Wiedlroither, Anneliese; Hahn, Martin W.:
Strain-specific differences in the grazing sensitivities of closely related ultramicrobacteria affiliated with the Polynucleobacter cluster
2004
In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Jg. 70 (2004), Heft 10, S. 5787 - 5793
Artikel/Aufsatz in Zeitschrift / Fach: Biologie
Fakultät für Biologie » Allgemeine Botanik
Titel:
Strain-specific differences in the grazing sensitivities of closely related ultramicrobacteria affiliated with the Polynucleobacter cluster
Autor(in):
Boenigk, Jens im Online-Personal- und -Vorlesungsverzeichnis LSF anzeigen; Stadler, Peter; Wiedlroither, Anneliese; Hahn, Martin W.
Erscheinungsjahr:
2004
Erschienen in:
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Jg. 70 (2004), Heft 10, S. 5787 - 5793
Signatur der UB:
Link URL:

Abstract:

Ultramicrobacteria (cell volume <0.1 mu m(3)) are the numerically dominant organisms in the plankton of marine and freshwater habitats. Flagellates and other protists are assumed to be the most important predators of these ultramicrobacteria as well as of larger planktonic bacteria. However, due to controversial observations conducted previously, it is not clear as to whether fractions of the ultramicrobacteria are resistant to flagellate predation. Furthermore, it is not known if closely related bacteria vary significantly in their sensitivity to flagellate predation. We investigated the sensitivity of ultramicrobacteria affiliated with the cosmopolitan Polynucleobacter cluster to grazing by Spumella-like nanoflagellates. Laboratory grazing experiments with four closely related (>= 99.6% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) bacteria and three closely related (100% 18S rRNA gene sequence similarity) flagellates were performed. In comparison to larger bacteria, predation on the ultramicrobacterial Polynucleobacter strains was weak, and the growth of the predating flagellates was slow. Specific clearance rates ranged between 0.14 x 10(5) and 2.8 x 10(5) Units of predator size h(-1). Feeding rates strongly depended on the flagellate and bacterial strain (P < 0.001). Grazing mortality rates of the three flagellate strains investigated varied for the same prey strain by up to almost fourfold. We conclude that (i) ultramicrobacteria affiliated with the Polynucleobacter cluster are not protected from grazing, (ii) strain-specific variations in grazing sensitivity even between closely related bacteria are high, and (iii) strain-specific differences in predator-prey interaction could be an important factor in the evolution and maintenance of microbial microdiversity.