Following traditional morphological concepts, the genus Coronastrum is considered to be a rare member of the Scenedesmaceae (Chorophyceae). This classification may be called into question when molecular data are taken into account as well. Recent molecular phylogenetic studies revealed the polyphyletic origin of the family Scenedesmaceae within the Chlorophyceae and Trebouxiophyceae. In a combined approach of morphological analyses, SSU/ITS rRNA gene phylogeny and comparison of the ITS secondary structure, we analysed the systematics of Coronastrum strains available in public strain collections. Our molecular analyses revealed a new subclade within the Chlorella clade of the Chlorellaceae consisting of Coronastrum ellipsoideum, two strains with Dictyosphaerium-like morphology and one strain which fits the description of the genus Parachlorella. Four additional strains formed together a new lineage within the genus Parachlorella in the Parachlorella clade of the Chlorellaceae. These strains differ from the already known Parachlorella species in complementary base changes within the ITS2 and are here described for the first time as Parachlorella hussii sp. nov.