Electroluminescence from silicon nanoparticles fabricated from the gas phase

In: Nanotechnology, Jg. 21 (2010) ; Nr. 45, S. 455201 (5pp)
ISSN: 0957-4484, 1361-6528
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Maschinenbau; Physik
Fakultät für Physik » Experimentalphysik
Abstract:
Electroluminescence from as-prepared silicon nanoparticles, fabricated by gas phase synthesis, is demonstrated. The particles are embedded between an n-doped GaAs substrate and a semitransparent indium tin oxide top electrode. The total electroluminescence intensity of the Si nanoparticles is more than a factor of three higher than the corresponding signal from the epitaxial III–V semiconductor. This, together with the low threshold voltage for electroluminescence, shows the good optical properties of these untreated particles and the efficient electrical injection into the device. Impact ionization by electrons emitted from the top electrode is identified as the origin of the electrically driven light emission.