A hybrid element formulation for electromechanical problems
In: Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Jg. 6 (2006) ; 1, Special Issue: GAMM Annual Meeting 2006 – Berlin, S. 451-452
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Bauwissenschaften
The difficulty in the modeling of ferroelectric materials is the coverage of the complicated interactions between electrical and mechanical quantities on the macroscale, which are caused by switching processes on the microscale. In the present work we present an electric hybrid element formulation where the stresses and the electric fields are derived by constitutive relations as presented in . Therefore the displacements, the electric potential and the electric displacements are approximated by bilinear ansatz functions. Applying a static condensation procedure we obtain a modified finite element formulation governed by the degrees of freedoms associated to the displacements and the electric potential. The anisotropic material behavior is modeled within a coordinate-invariant formulation  for an assumed transversely isotropic material . In this context a general return algorithm is applied to compute the remanent quantities at the actual timestep. Resulting hysteresis loops for the ferroelectric ceramics are presented.