Lattice dynamics and structural stability of ordered Fe3Ni, Fe3Pd and Fe3Pt alloys using density functional theory
We investigate the binding surface along the Bain path and phonon dispersion relations for the cubic phase of the ferromagnetic binary alloys Fe3X(X=Ni,Pd,Pt) for L12 and D022 ordered phases from first principles by means of density functional theory. The phonon dispersion relations exhibit a softening of the transverse acoustic mode at the M point in the L12 phase in accordance with experiments for ordered Fe3Pt. This instability can be associated with a rotational movement of the Fe atoms around the Ni-group element in the neighboring layers and is accompanied by an extensive reconstruction of the Fermi surface. In addition, we find an incomplete softening in  direction which is strongest for Fe3Ni. We conclude that besides the valence electron density also the specific Fe-content and the masses of the alloying partners should be considered as parameters for the design of Fe-based functional magnetic materials.
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