Faas, T.; Raunio, T.; Wiberg, M.:

The Difference Between Real and Potential Power, Voting Power, Attendance and Cohesion

Bonn: ZEI Discussion Paper (2004), 21 Seiten
ISBN: 3-936183-30-9
Buch / Monographie / Fach: Politikwissenschaft
Who has power in the European Parliament (EP)? This article examines voting power in
the fifth European Parliament (1999-2002) under simple majority and absolute majority rule
using the Shapley-Shubik voting index and taking into account (differential) levels of
attendance and cohesion among party groups in the EP. We show that the voting power of the
groups deviates often quite remarkably from the mere distribution of seats, and that this
variation is significantly affected by cohesion and attendance levels. Particularly the largest
groups, EPP and PES, benefit while the other groups hardly hold any power to influence
voting outcomes, which is especially true for votes taken under absolute majority rule.