The gender longevity gap: explaining the difference between singles and couples

In: Journal of Population Economics, Jg. 19 (2006) ; Nr. 3, S. 543-557
ISSN: 0933-1433, 1432-1475
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Wirtschaftswissenschaften
This paper studies the respective gender longvity gap in favour of women among singles, utilitarian and altruistic couples. The following hypotheses are derived: (1) the gender longevity gap is smaller within couples than among singles; (2) marriage increases longevity of men but decreases longevity of women; and (3) the gender longevity gap decreases with an increase in wealth. The hypotheses are tested using a complete date set of the Swiss decreased at the age 65+ in 2001 and 2002, with information on the individuals' age at death and their average earnings over the life cycle.