Social Production Factors in Supply Chain Management

In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Working Seminar on Production Economics // Vol. 2
Innsbruck (2008), S. 363-374
Buchaufsatz / Kapitel / Fach: Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften » Fachgebiet Betriebswirtschaftslehre » Produktion und Industrielles Informationsmanagement
Supply chain management concepts largely rely on cooperation. Therefore the economic success of companies
within supply chain cooperations depends on the ability and capacity of these companies to build up and nourish
cooperation relations. This capacity with its ‘social factor inputs’ as e.g. trust, experience and motivation can be
modelled as a destinctive production factor as it is scalable and relevant for the production output as well as
economic value indicators respectively. The described research concept tries to identify this interdependance
between social factors and production output in supply chains with a case study research as well as a data
envelopment analysis. The results show that supply chains seek a diversity of social competencies and social
factor levels in order to optimize their overall economic success. Given this fact, there is on the other hand no
evidence, that supply chains require a minimum level of social competences. Next to this, the research brought
up the assumption, that it is more difficult for international supply chains to use social factors as an input due to
their specific conditions. If this is to be true, advantages of global supply chains would have to be reconsidered.