The intestinal parasite Pomphorhynchus laevis as a sensitive accumulation indicator for the platinum group metals Pt, Pd and Rh.
Concentrations of the platinum group elements Pt, Pd, and Rh were analyzed by adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (Pt, Rh) and total-reflection X-ray fluorescence (Pd) in the intestinal helminth Pomphorhynchus laevis and its host Barbus barbus. The fish were caught in the Danube river south of the city of Budapest (Hungary) and were exposed to ground catalytic material for 28 days. Following exposure all three precious metals were taken up and accumulated in host organs and the parasites. Interestingly, in all tissues of the unexposed controls Pt was found, whereas Pd was not present in the muscle of the controls and Rh was not detectable in muscle and intestine of unexposed barbel. All metals were found at significantly higher concentrations in the acanthocephalan than in the tissues of barbel. These results are discussed with respect to the application of P. laevis as an accumulation indicator for metals.
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