A role for the replication proteins PCNA, RF-C, polymerase epsilon and Cdc45 in transcriptional silencing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Transcriptional silencing in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae may be linked to DNA replication and cell cycle progression. In this study, we have surveyed the effect of 41 mutations in genes with a role in replication, the cell cycle, and DNA repair on silencing at HMR. Mutations in PCNA (POL30), RF-C (CDC44), polymerase epsilon (POL2, DPB2, DPB11), and CDC45 were found to restore silencing at a mutant HMR silencer allele that was still a chromosomal origin of replication. Replication timing experiments indicated that the mutant HMR locus was replicated late in S-phase, at the same time as wild-type HMR. Restoration of silencing by PCNA and CDC45 mutations required the origin recognition complex binding site of the HMR-E silencer. Several models for the precise role of these replication proteins in silencing are discussed.
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