Galmic, a nonpeptide galanin receptor agonist, affects behaviors in seizure, pain, and forced-swim tests.
In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A.), Jg. 101 (2004) ; Nr. 28, S. 10470-10475
Zeitschriftenaufsatz / Fach: Chemie
The pharmacol. exploitation of the galanin receptors as drug targets for treatment of epilepsy, depression, and pain has been hampered by the lack of workable compds. for medicinal chemists from random screening of large chem. libraries. The present work uses the tripeptidomimetic galnon and displays its presumed pharmacophores on a rigid mol. scaffold. The scaffold is related to marine natural products and presents three functional groups near one another in space, in a manner reminiscent of a protein surface. An active compd., Galmic, was identified from a small synthetic library and tested in vitro and in vivo for its affinity and efficacy at galanin receptors. Galmic has micromolar affinity for GalR1 receptors (Ki = 34.2 mM) and virtually no affinity for GalR2 receptors. In vitro, Galmic, like galanin, suppresses long-term potentiation in the dentate gyrus; it blocks status epilepticus when injected intrahippocampally or administered i.p. Galmic applied i.p. shows antidepressant-like effects in the forced-swim test, and it is a potent inhibitor of finching behavior in the inflammatory pain model induced by formalin injection. These data further implicate brain and spinal cord galanin receptors as drug targets and provide an example of a systemically active compd. based on a scaffold that mimics protein surfaces.