No. 15 (2001): Americanization, Westernization, Sinification, Modernization or Globalization of China?

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The author argues that globalization has been an objective reality and inevitable tendency of human development from which no one can escape. So long as a country opens to the outside world, it will be in the process of globalization. China is no exception in this global age. Globalization is initiated and dominated by the US-led Western developed countries. How-ever, no country, including the US, is able to manipulate completely the process of globaliza-tion on which developing countries, including China, have been exerting more and more in-fluence. Globalization is a sword with negative and positive sides for both developed and de-veloping countries. Both of them can either benefit from or get lost in globalization. Global-ization changes modern world civilizations into a cosmopolity, no matter whether it origi-nated in the East or the West. Therefore, to learn from the West never means “Westerniza-tion” while to learn from the East never means “Easternization” exclusively, and China’s par-ticipation in WTO and introduction of market economy never means “Westernizing or Americanizing China” exclusively. Internationalization, nationalization and localization sup-plement each other. China has to participate actively in globalization if she wants to preserve her own unique civilization; just as China has to carry her national advantages forward if she wants to participate in globalization effectively. Globalization in an authentic sense is by no means an absolute “Westernization” or “Americanization”. It will prove a lack of foresight to argue that China would be “Westernized” or “Americanized” once it participates in the proc-ess of globalization.
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Fakultät für Gesellschaftswissenschaften » Institut für Politikwissenschaft
Modernization, Globalization, Westernization, Americanization
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